• Linux

  • CentOS

Today, as Linux continues to evolve, the types of file systems supported by Linux are rapidly expanding. With the release of new versions of Linux, a large number of file system possibilities have emerged, each of which supports a different type of file system, making it difficult for users to understand the features and applications of these different versions.

Furthermore, based on the open source nature of Linux, more and more medium and large enterprises and governments are investing more resources to develop Linux operating systems. Nowadays, more and more countries in the world are gradually transferring the computers of government agencies to Linux, and the traditional users of Linux are generally professionals who are more willing to install and set up their own operating systems, making these users willing to spend more time on installing and setting up their own operating systems.

For this reason, the Linux family of systems is divided into different user groups, such as Ubuntu, LinuxMint and PCLinuxOS, which are considered to be the most user-friendly platforms for new Linux users. SlackwareLinux, GentooLinux and FreeBSD are more advanced distributions that need to be used effectively by users with a certain application base.

1. Ubuntu

Ubuntu was first announced in September 2004. Although Ubuntu was a relatively late release of Linux, and the project was not as old as other Linux distributions, its mailing list quickly filled up with eager users and enthusiastic developer discussions. Over the next few years, Ubuntu grew to become the most popular desktop Linux distribution, making a significant effort and contribution towards developing an "easy-to-use and free" desktop operating system that could compete with any of the individual operating systems on the market.

2. Fedora

Although Fedora was officially launched in September 2004, its origins date back to 1995, when it was created by two Linux dreamers - Bob Young and Marc Ewing (the names of Linux at Red Hat). As the company's first product, Red Hat Linux 1.0 "Mother's Day", was released in the same year and was quickly updated to fix some bugs. 1997 saw the introduction of Red Hat's revolutionary RPM package management solution and other advanced features, which contributed significantly to the distribution's rapid rise and popularity, overtaking SlackwareLinux to become the most widely used distribution of Linux in the world. In the following years, Red Hat set a standard, six-monthly release schedule.

Although the direction of Fedora is still largely controlled by Red Hat, rightly or wrongly, and sometimes appears as a beta version of Red Hat Enterprise Linux, it cannot be denied that Fedora remains one of the most innovative distributions to this day. Its contributions to the Linux kernel, glibc and GCC are well known, and its more recent feature integration with SELinux, Xen's virtualization technology and other enterprise features are appreciated by many corporate customers. The downside is that Fedora still lacks a clear strategy on the desktop to make the product easier to use and go beyond the goal of being a "Linux enthusiast".

3. OpenSUSE

The beginning of openSUSE can be traced back to 1992, when four German Linux enthusiasts launched a project under the SuSELinux operating system (SoftwareundSystemEntwicklung). In the beginning, the young company sold floppy disks with the German version of SlackwareLinux, but soon afterwards in May 1996 SuSELinux was released as a standalone version starting with version 4.2. In the following years, the developers adopted RPM package management and introduced YaST, an easy-to-use graphical system management tool. openSUSE was released frequently, had excellent print documentation, and SuSELinux was easily available in European and North American stores, making SuSELinux increasingly popular.

4. Mandriva

MandrivaLinux was launched in July 1998 under Mandrakelinux. Initially, this was a re-optimized version of RedHatLinux that included a more friendly KDE desktop, but subsequent versions added a more user-friendly experience, such as a new installer, improved hardware detection, and intuitive disk partitioning utilities. As a result of these improvements, Mandrakelinux was able to flourish. After the introduction of venture capital investment to transform into a commercial company, the newly founded MandrakeSoft's fortunes fluctuated greatly from early 2003 to 2005 and was even on the verge of bankruptcy. Later, after a merger with Conectiva of Brazil, the company changed its name to Mandriva as we see it today.

5. Debian

DebianGNU / Linux was first announced in 1993. Its founder was Ian Murdock, who envisioned creating a distribution for completely non-commercial purposes in his spare time through the hundreds of development volunteers already there. At the time, skeptics far outweighed optimists, believing it was doomed to failure and collapse, but the opposite was true.Debian not only survived, but after almost a decade of vigorous development, it became the largest Linux distribution and probably the largest collaborative software project to date.

6. LinuxMint

LinuxMint, an Ubuntu-based distribution, was first created in 2006 by Clement Lefebvre, a French-born IT expert who lives and works in Ireland. Originally conceived as a website dedicated to providing help, tips and documentation for new Linux users, Clement Lefebvre saw the potential for the developing Linux to address many of the shortcomings associated with the mainstream products with more practical technologies and alternatives to the mainstream products. After soliciting feedback from visitors to his site, he set out to develop what is today called the perfect Ubuntu Mint.

Although LinuxMint is available for free download, the project generates revenue from donations, advertising and professional support services. It does not have a fixed schedule or list of planned release features, but new releases of LinuxMint can be expected within a few weeks after each stable version of LinuxUbuntu.

7. PCLinuxOS

PCLinuxOS was first announced in 2003 by Bill Reynolds, known as "Textron". Prior to that he created his own distribution, Texta was a well-known developer who was already known for creating the most popular RPM package management in the Mandrakelinux user community and offering it as a free download. 2003 he decided to build a new distribution, initially based on Mandrakelinux, but containing some important usability improvements. What was his goal? It should be beginner friendly, have excellent support for proprietary kernel modules, browser plugins and media codecs, and be able to provide a simple and intuitive graphical installer for the LiveCD to execute.

8. Slackware

The Slackware Linux operating system was created in 1992 by Patrick Volkerding and is the oldest surviving Linux distribution. From the now defunct SLS Project, Slackware 1.0 started with 24 floppy disks and was on top of the Linux kernel version 0.99pl11-alpha. It quickly became the most popular Linux distribution, with some even estimating its market share of up to 80% of Linux installations in 1995. Its popularity declined significantly with the release of Red Hat's Linux and other easier-to-use distributions, but SlackwareLinux remains a much-appreciated and more technically oriented system for system administrators and desktop users in business.

SlackwareLinux is a highly technical, clean distribution with only a few very limited personal settings. It uses a simple, text-based system installation and a relatively primitive package management system that does not address software dependencies. As a result, Slackware is considered to be the purest and most unstable distribution available today.

9. Gentoo

GentooLinux was conceived around 2000 by Daniel Robbins, formerly a developer under StampedeLinux and FreeBSD. 1.0 of the project was released in March 2002, and Gentoo's package management was considered a better alternative to some binary package management systems, especially the then RPM, which was widely used at the time.

The GentooLinux operating system was designed for advanced users. Initially, installation was cumbersome and tedious, requiring even hours or even a day to compile and build a complete Linux distribution with the command line, however, in 2006, a project was developed to simplify the installation process of Gentoo's liveCD for a "one-click install" program. Gentoo's documentation has been repeatedly recognized as one of the best online documentation.

10. CentOS

Launched in late 2003, CentOS is a community project that aims to recompile the installable RedHatEnterpriseLinux (RHEL) code and provide timely security updates for all package upgrades. More directly, CentOS is just a RHEL clone. The only difference between the two distribution technologies is the branding, CentOS replaces all Red Hat trademarks and logos as his own.

CentOS is often seen as a reliable server distribution. CentOS is a desktop solution that is also suitable for enterprises, especially in terms of stability, reliability and long-term support, and is the first choice for the latest software and features.

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